Monday, 12 June 2017

English idioms





Hello! I'm coming to you with the newest portion of popular English idioms. They are commonly used and that's why it is so important to get to know them if you want to communicate with English native speakers freely. Do you know this feeling when you would like to say an idiom, some nice expression, to enrich your speech or conversation but ... you have no idea what it will be in English? You have even tried to translate the words in your head and explain to your listener what the strange sentence, that you've just produced, meant. Have you ever experienced such a situation? I have 馃槈. If you have, as well, I'm sure that now you know that it's not the best idea to translate idioms literally 馃槅. We need to learn them by heart. So... let's have a look at them!


Cze艣膰! Przychodz臋 do Ciebie z najnowsz膮 porcj膮 popularnych angielskich idiomow. S膮 one powszechnie u偶ywane, dlatego tak wa偶ne jest, aby艣 si臋 ich nauczy艂 je艣li chcesz porozumiewa膰 si臋 swobodnie z osobami anglojezycznymi. Znasz to uczucie, kiedy chcesz u偶y膰 jakiego艣 idiomu, ot, jakiego艣 fajnego wyra偶enia, po to, aby wzbobaci膰 swoj膮 wypowied藕 lub konwersacj臋, ale... nie masz poj臋cia jak to b臋dzie po angielsku? Ju偶 nawet probowa艂e艣 przet艂umaczy膰 je s艂owo w s艂owo w swojej g艂owie a potem wyja艣nia膰 swojemu rozmowcy co znaczy艂o to dziwne zdanie kt贸re w艂asnie pad艂o z Twoich ust? Mia艂e艣 kiedy艣 tak膮 sytuacj臋? Ja mia艂am 馃槈. Je艣li Ciebie r贸wnie偶 to spotka艂o, jestem pewna, 偶e teraz ju偶 wiesz, ze t艂umaczenie idiom贸w dos艂ownie nie jest najlepszym pomys艂em 馃槅. Musisz si臋 ich nauczy膰 na pami臋膰. A wiec, do dzie艂a! Przyjrzyjmy si臋 im!


#1


To face the music
means 
to accept responsibility, punishment or confront unpleasantness for something bad that you 
have done








Dos艂ownie znaczy : stawi膰 czo艂a muzyce (dlaczego akurat muzyce???) a nasz polski odpowiednik to: 









Wypi膰 piwo, kt贸rego si臋 nawarzy艂o / ponie艣膰 konsekwencje






Peter cheated many people and now he has to face the music.

The students who ran away from school yesterday will face the music.



Peter oszuka艂 wiele os贸b i teraz wypije piwo, kt贸rego sobie nawarzy艂.
Uczniowie, kt贸rzy uciekli wczoraj ze szko艂y, b臋d膮 musieli ponie艣膰 konsekwencje.




#2


To ring a bell

means

to seem familiar; you use this idiom when you think you have heard something before.








Dzwoni膰 dzwonkiem - to t艂umaczenie dos艂owne, a nasz polski odpowiednik to:










Brzmie膰 znajomo/przypomina膰 co艣








This story rings a bell. I must have heard it before.

I'm not sure about her name but her face rings a bell.




Ta historia brzmi znajomo. Musia艂am j膮 ju偶 kiedy艣 s艂ysze膰.
Nie jestem pewna jak si臋 nazywa, ale jej twarz wygl膮da znajomo.







#3

To look like a million dollars/bucks 

means
to look incredibly beautiful, extremely good, often because you are wearing something very expensive.


To chyba jeden z niewielu idiom贸w, kt贸re t艂umaczymy s艂owo w s艂owo. Look like a milion dollars to po prostu:



Wygl膮da膰 jak milion dolar贸w.



W wersji angielskiej mo偶emy powiedziec : dollars (dolar贸w)  lub bucks (dolc贸w).
You look like a million bucks czyli Wygl膮dasz jak milion dolc贸w.




I couldn't take my eyes off Ellie last night. She looked like a million bucks!

Wow, look at Charlize Theron in this fabulous dress. She looks like a million dollars!


Wow, popatrz na Charlize Theron w tej fantastycznej sukience. Wygl膮da jak milion dolar贸w!
Nie mog艂em oderwa膰 oczu od Ellie wczoraj wieczorem. Wygl膮da艂a jak milion dolc贸w!


Look at this beautiful idiom : 

#4

Can't take eyes off

If you can't take eyes off somebody or something, you cannot stop looking at them because they are beautiful, attractive or interesting.


Ryan Gosling


                                                                                                   James Arthur
 




Do you remember wonderful Heath Ledger in "Taming of the Shrew" based on Shakespeare's famous play?
Pami臋tacie cudownego Heatha Ledgera w filmie "Poskromieniu z艂o艣nicy" na podstawie slawnej sztuki Szekspira?






Nie m贸c oderwa膰 oczu od czego艣/kogo艣

Listen to Frank Sinatra sing "You're just too good to be true, Can't take my eyes off you.." :)







#5

 Keep your chin up!


is used to encourage someone who is struggling with some emotional problem to remain cheerful and not to give up.


source: link


G艂owa do g贸ry!




 

Don't worry too much, it's not such a big thing. Keep your chin up!

Nie martw si臋 tak bardzo, to nic takiego. G艂owa do g贸ry!




#6

Out of the blue (also out of a clear blue sky)

If something happens out of the blue it happens suddenly and completely unexpectedly.






Ni st膮d, ni zow膮d/jak grom z jasnego nieba


We haven't seen each other for 10 years and yesterday she appeared out of the blue!





And then, completely out of a blue sky, the enemy troops attacked us. 

Nie widzieli艣my sie 10 lat a wczoraj ona zjawi艂a si臋 jak grom z jasnego nieba.
I wtedy, ni st膮d ni zow膮d, wojsko wroga nas zaatakowa艂o.






#7


To give somebody a free hand
means
to let someone do whatever they think is necessary in a particular situation.

da膰 komu艣 woln膮 r臋k臋




We talked to the manager about our new project yesterday and we've been given a free hand. Now we can start to realize our ideas!


Rozmawiali艣my wczoraj o nowym projekcie z menad偶erem i dostali艣my woln膮 r臋k臋. Teraz mo偶emy zacz膮膰 realizowa膰 nasze pomys艂y!



#8


to wash one's hand of something

is used to say that you don't want to take responsibility for something or to refuse to have anything more to do with someone or something.





umywa膰 od czego艣 r臋ce


You cannot just leave now and wash your hands of the problem, that's not fair!


-Will you help me?
- No, I'm washing my hands of it, I don't want to get into bigger trouble.


Nie mo偶esz tak po prostu wyj艣膰 i umy膰 r臋ce od problemu, to nie w porz膮dku!

-Pomo偶esz mi?
- Nie, umywam od tego r臋ce, nie chc臋 mie膰 jeszcze wi臋kszych k艂opot贸w.





*weirdness - niesamowito艣膰, dziwaczno艣膰, upiorno艣膰




I hope you find the idioms useful. For printable PDF version of this post click ENGLISH IDIOMS


Please,leave your feedback under the post, you will make my day 馃槂馃槂


Cheerio!



Saturday, 4 March 2017

World Book Day 2017 - short stories







Another World Book Day has just passed. Lots of fancy costumes of book characters, competitions, meetings with authors and reading books together- all these attractions students had a chance to experience on this special day (depending on school). Last year I told you about The World Book Week in my school - it was pretty emotional for me. If you want to find out why, click the link: World Book Day 2016

This year on Thursday teachers read short stories to students. I have them for you today. Click the following links to open the short stories. Notice that first two were written by teenagers! 

Wednesday, 1 February 2017

Past Simple - questions






To ask a question in Past Simple tense we need the word DID. As you probably know, there are different types of questions we may ask. One of them is yes/no questions. In Past Simple they always begin with DID.

Aby zada膰 pytanie w czasie przesz艂ym prostym (Past Simple) potrzebujemy operatora DID. Ju偶 ju偶 pewnie wiecie, s膮 r贸偶ne rodzaje pyta艅, jakie mo偶emy zada膰. Jednym z nich s膮 pytania og贸lne, na kt贸re odpowiadamy 'tak' b膮d藕 'nie'. W czasie Past Simple zawsze rozpocznaj膮 si臋 one od s艂owa DID.


Monday, 23 January 2017

Past Simple - negative sentences


Last time we practised making positive sentences in past Simple. To recap, click here: past simple. If you need to print the list of irregular verbs, click here: list. Now, we're going on to negative sentences. This is not going to be a long post as building negatives in Past Simple is quite straight forward. It's much easier than in Present Simple (for those who don't remember-you will find it here: present-simple-negative-sentences.

Ostatnio 膰wiczylismy budowanie zda艅 twierdz膮cych w czasie przesz艂ym Past Simple. Je艣li potrzebujesz ma艂ej powt贸rki, kliknij w ten link: past simple. Je艣li natomiast potrzebujesz wydrukowa膰 tabelk臋 z czasownikami nieregularnymi, kilknij w ten link: czasowniki nieregularne. W tym po艣cie przechodzimy do tworzenia zda艅 przecz膮cych. Nie b臋dzie to d艂ugi wpis, poniewa偶 jest to do艣膰 艂atwe, na pewno du偶o prostsze ni偶 budowanie przecze艅 w czasie tera藕niejszym Present Simple (je艣li nie pamietasz jak si臋 to robi, mo偶esz sobie przpomnie膰 tutaj: present-simple-negative-sentences).


Tuesday, 17 January 2017

Collocations with HAVE


Collocations are combinations of words used together. This time I've prepared for you collocations with verb TO HAVE. What can we have then? Let's find out!


"Kolokacja to  zwi膮zek frazeologiczny o znacznej 艂膮czliwo艣ci element贸w b臋d膮cy cz臋sto u偶ywanym zestawieniem s艂贸w" (wikipedia). Tym razem przygotowa艂am dla Was kolokacje z czasownikiem HAVE. Poniewa偶 HAVE nie zawsze znaczy 'mie膰'. Dowiedzmy si臋 wiecej!





HAVE zast臋puje tu s艂owa 'je艣膰' i 'pi膰', M贸wimy: 

Nie mog臋 teraz wyj艣膰. Jem kolacj臋.
Zawsze jem 艣wiateczny obiad z moj膮 rodzin膮.
Napijmy si臋 fili偶anki kawy.


Wednesday, 11 January 2017

Use of Past Simple & positive sentences





In the previous grammatical post I taught you about verb 'to be' in past tense. You can find that post here. Today I am going to tell you when the Past Simple tense is used and we'll concentrate on making positive sentences. Apart from this, I will explain you the difference between regular and irregular verbs.

W poprzednim gramatycznym po艣cie uczy艂am Was o czasowniku 'by膰' w czasie przesz艂ym. Mo偶ecie wr贸cic do tego posta tutaj. Dzisiaj powiem Wam kiedy u偶ywamy czasu Past Simple (przesz艂ego prostego) oraz skupimy sie na budowaniu zda艅 twierdz膮cych. Ponadto, wyt艂umacze Wam r贸偶nic臋 mi臋dzy czasownikami regularnymi i nieregularnymi.



Saturday, 12 November 2016

Polish Exhibition



Polish Artists: El偶bieta T臋gowska, Magdalena Nowak and Urszula Dulewicz invite you to the exhibition in Gallery 49 in Falmouth, Cornwall.

Details below:



Sunday, 6 November 2016

Collocations with TIME


Spend time, waste time, make time, have time or run out of time? What's the difference between these? Let's find out!



Saturday, 29 October 2016

Halloween



Have you ever wondered how Halloween began and who 
started the eccentric practices which evolved into our celebrations today?
Let's explore local and global customs and traditions that make Halloween what it is today -and why it's so much fun.




Saturday, 15 October 2016

TO BE in the past






Past Simple is one the basic tenses you should know if you want to communicate in English freely. Yes, this is one of these tenses British people really use in everyday life :) Let's start with verb 'to be' in Past Simple, which is troublesome for many foreigners.

Czas przesz艂y prosty, czyli po angielsku Past Simple, jest jednym z podstawowych czas贸w gramatycznych, kt贸re powiniene艣 zna膰, je艣li zale偶y Ci na swobodnej komunikacji w j臋zyku angielskim. Tak, to jeden z tych czas贸w, kt贸rych Brytyjczycy rzeczywi艣cie u偶ywaj膮 w 偶yciu codziennym :) Zacznijmy od czasownika 'by膰' w czasie przesz艂ym, gdy偶 wielu obcokrakowcom przysparza on niema艂ych problem贸w.


Friday, 9 September 2016

Going to...




blue font - Polish subtitles


We use going to to say what we want to/intend to do in the future. Contrary to Present Continuous used to express future plans, going to is used for less specific plans. We intend to do something but we haven't taken any effort to make it happen.

Konstrukcji going to u偶ywamy, gdy m贸wimy o tym, co ZAMIERZAMY zrobi膰 w przyszlo艣ci.

Saturday, 25 June 2016

Beautiful side of Great Britain - Falmouth



Watch some amazing photos of Falmouth in Cornwall (south - west of England). There's nothing more to say... :) To be continued...


To see all pictures of Cornwall click link







Sunday, 12 June 2016

Beauty of Cornwall: Wonderful St Ives


Beautiful, picturesque and definitely worth visiting - St Ives in Cornwall, this is one of these places that the British may be proud of. It's extremely crowded in summer but the views are breathtaking so I strongly recommend everyone to go there if you are thinking about travelling across Great Britain to find some pretty places. Enjoy watching the pictures but bear in mind that they don't show all the beauty you may see in here ;)







Friday, 20 May 2016

Present Continuous - questions






The way we build questions in Present Continuous is inversion. It means that we swap a subject with verb 'to be'  (am, is, are)


Sposobem budowania zda艅 w czasie Present Continuous jest inwersja. Zamieniamy miejscami podmiot i odmieniony czasownik "by膰".


Monday, 11 April 2016

Present Continuous - negatives





Last time I showed you how to build sentences in Present Continuous and when to use this tense. Do you need to recap before we go on to negative sentences? 

Poprzednim razem pokaza艂am wam jak budowa膰 zdania w czasie Present Continuous oraz kiedy u偶ywac tego czasu. Je艣li potrzebujecie powt贸rki zanim przejdziemy do przecze艅 kliknijcie w poni偶szy link.

Click here:  previous post.



To make a negative sentence in Present Continuous we only add 'not' between:

Sunday, 10 January 2016

Present Continuous - recap & exercises

This post is to revise Present Continuous. Usage, forms and making positive sentences before we go on to making negative ones. The resources are for you to download and print them off if you wish. 


When do we use this tense?


Thursday, 10 December 2015

Lovely Christmas wishes


Do you send Christmas cards to your family and friends? I've made some lovely cards for you if you are looking for nice wishes... It's high time to send them off now!






Friday, 4 December 2015

Present Continuous - usage, forms & positive sentences






It's time to go on to the next English grammar tense. You have already learnt a lot about Present Simple. If you feel you need to revise it, click here . To check how good you are, do the grammar test - click Present Simple quiz. Good luck!

Pora na naszym blogu na wprowadzenie kolejnego czasu gramatycznego. Wiesz juz du偶o o czasie Present Simple. Je艣li czujesz, 偶e potrzebujesz powt贸rki, kliknij tu . Je偶eli chcesz sprawdzi膰 swoje umiej臋tno艣ci, zach臋cam Ci臋 do zrobienia testu (test znajdziesz tutaj).

Zacznijmy od form czasu Present Continuous (tera藕niejszego ci膮g艂ego). Poni偶sza tabelka podzielona jest na cztery kolumny. Druga i trzecia kolumna zawieraja formy naszego czasu. Jest to odmieniony przez osoby czasownik 'be'  oraz czasownik z ko艅c贸wk膮 -ing.

***

Let's begin with forms of Present Continuous tense. The first table contains four columns. Column 2 and 3 is the grammatical form of this tense. 'To be' in appropriate form (depending on a person) and a verb with -ing ending.

read - reading
lie - lying
look - looking
talk - talking
hurt - hurting
try - trying
listen -listening

Friday, 16 October 2015

Phrasal verb - LOOK




English language is regarded as one of the easiest languages to learn, but some learners may find it quite tricky at times because of  many meanings for one word. Because of phrasal verbs as well. What are phrasal verbs?



a phrasal verb = a verb + a preposition


Phrasal verbs are rather informal, so one should avoid using them in formal pieces of writing (formal letter for instance). But they are commonly used in everyday conversations so it's definitely good to get to know at least those most popular.


Mimo tego, 偶e j臋zyk angielski uwa偶any jest za jeden z naj艂atwiejszych, niekt贸rym sprawia on trudno艣ci ze wzgledu na wielonaczeniowosc s艂贸w. Tak偶e ze wzgledu na phrasal verbs (czasowniki frazowe). Czym jest czasownik frazowy? Jest to kombinacja zwyk艂ego czasownika np. look, go, put itp. z przyimkiem np. up, down, through, away ....

Czasownik贸w frazowych powinno si臋 unika膰 w formalnych formach pisemnych (np.listach formalnych). Za to s膮 bardzo popularne i powszechnie u偶ywane potocznie, w codziennych rozmowach. Warto zatem poznac te najbardziej popularne z nich.


In this post you will learn several common phrasal verbs with the verb LOOK

Friday, 9 October 2015

Present Simple - wh-questions





From the previous post you learnt how to make yes/no questions in Present Simple tense. If you missed that post or need recapping you may find it here > click

This time we're making wh-questions in the same tense. We build them in a very similar way. The most important difference is that at the beginning of each question we have to put a question word.


Z poprzedniego posta dowiedzia艂e艣/a艣 sie jak tworzy膰 pytania typu yes/no w czasie Present Simple. Je艣li przegapi艂e艣/a艣 ten post lub potrzebujesz malej powt贸rki, kliknij w r贸偶owy link powy偶ej. Tym razem tworzymy zdania szczeg贸艂owe tzw. wh-questions w tym samym czasie. Budujemy je w podobny spos贸b, z tak膮 r贸偶nic膮, 偶e na pocz膮tku pytania stawiamy pytajnik:

Friday, 14 August 2015

Present Simple - yes/no questions & short answers




Hi there! This post will show you how to make yes/no questions and short answers in Present Simple tense. Of course, yes/no questions are general questions for which we give 'yes' or 'no' answer.
To build a question in Present Simple we need an external operator DO or DOES at the beginning. We put DO with persons: I, you, we and they. We put DOES with she, he and it.


W tym po艣cie dowiecie si臋 jak budowa膰 pytania og贸lne oraz kr贸tkie odpowiedzi (tak/nie) w czasie Present Simple. Aby zbudowac takie pytanie potrzebujemy zewn臋trznego operatora DO lub DOES. DO stosujemy z osobami: I, you, we i they, a DOES  z she, he oraz it.


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